X-4013 Unknown or Unbekannt?


Visitors to the Ardennes American Cemetery naturally expect that all the servicemen interred there are American. But that may be untrue. One particular grave may hold a German soldier.


The remains of that soldier arrived at the cemetery in March 1946. PFC Albert E. Morris of Chicago led the U.S. Army search team that made tX-4013 Skeletal_charthe recovery. The find occurred at a civilian cemetery adjacent to Nieder-Emmels, Belgium. The team had assistance from local resident Henri Hermann. He led the way to a wooden cross at the back of the cemetery. Its inscriptions read “U.S.A. Soldat Amerikanisch.”


Morris and his team opened the grave and found a wooden box containing one or two pounds of charred bone fragments, strands of brown hair, and a small tin holding two American dog tags. There were also vestiges of clothing, remnants of GI shoes, aircraft parts, and bits of a Mae West life vest. All showed fire damage. The embossing on the tags identified them to John R. McLeod, serial number 36824575.


The team believed they had recovered McLeod. They also learned that a Belgian Army sergeant named Thommes had buried the remains at the cemetery in September 1945 and had placed the tags in the tin. Thommes belonged to a unit stationed in Ligneuville and had helped with clean-up efforts in the Belgian city of Saint Vith.


The Battle of the Bulge had left the city looking more like a lunar

Aerial of the Belgian town of StVith after the bombardment. Photo by 2/Lt Abraham Jaffe, Bronx, New York

Aerial of the Belgian town of StVith after the bombardment. Photo by 2/Lt Abraham Jaffe, Bronx, New York.

landscape than a town where 2,800 people once lived. Thommes discovered the bones and artifacts in the courtyard of the Saint Josef Convent, a city landmark which lay in ruins. He located the items near a single tree that had somehow survived the apocalypse that obliterated the convent and the surrounding community. The worst destruction occurred on December 25 and December 26, 1944. Over those two days, the Royal Air Force and U.S. Army Air Force pummeled Saint Vith with over 1,000 tons of high explosives.


Thommes transported the remains a few kilometers north to the Nieder-Emmels cemetery. He presumed McLeod was an American prisoner killed during the aerial blitz or perhaps a GI who perished during the German artillery bombardment that preceded the city’s capture by Wehrmacht troops on December 21. Thommes could only guess as to how the soldier met his demise. McLeod proved an even bigger puzzle to the staff at the American military cemetery. They had no record of anyone by that name who died during the war. The cemetery workers therefore interred the remains as Unknown X-4013. They speculated that he belonged to the Army Air Force.


In 1949 the Memorial Division in Washington determined that McLeod survived the war and resided in St. Charles, Illinois. He soon received a letter asking for his assistance in unraveling the mystery. The young veteran had served with Company B, 393rd Infantry, 99th Division.


McLeod sent a typewritten response which contained a startling revelation. He stated that he became a prisoner of war on December 16, 1944. ”Two days later,” he said, my dog tags and all identification papers, service and otherwise, were taken from me by a German lieutenant. My belief at the time was that they were to be used to facilitate passage of a German soldier through our lines in U.S. uniform.


Thommes found the tags at least thirty kilometers (and maybe much more) from where the enemy officer pilfered them from McLeod. The Memorial Division immediately notified the commanding general of the American Graves Registration Command in Europe. “In view of the information contained in the letter from Mr. McLeod, a possibility exists that the remains in question are German rather than American.”


No record exists to explain what happened afterward. Today X-4013 rests among the U.S. dead at the Ardennes American Cemetery: Plot A, Row 17, Grave 3.


“Here Rests in Honored Glory,” his grave marker reads, “A Comrade in Arms Known but to God.”

         Honored Glory?

         Comrade in Arms?

         We can only wonder.